Penetration Testing 101

Penetration Testing 101
Table of Contents
  1. Penetration Testing 101
  2. Types of Penetration Testing
  3. White Box Testing
  4. Black Box Testing
  5. Grey Box Testing
  6. Four Penetration Testing Phases
  7. Surveillance
  8. Vulnerability Scanning
  9. Exploitation
  10. Reporting
  11. Need for Penetration Testing
  12. Risk Assessment
  13. Security Awareness
  14. Compliance
  15. Character
  16. Conclusion

Penetration testing generally referred to as “pen testing” or “ethical hacking,” is the process of emulating an online attack on a computer system, network, or web operation to find excrescences and estimate the security of the system.

To make sure that a company’s data and systems are shielded against implicit troubles, this type of testing is constantly carried out by pukka ethical hackers or cybersecurity experts. Penetration testing services are generally accessible in the USA and are constantly demanded by businesses and associations to cleave to laws like HIPAA and PCI- DSS. There are penetration testing service providers to conduct pen testing.


Types of Penetration Testing


White Box Testing

It examines the law and internal structure of the product being tested while giving testers complete access to a system or target network of an association. White box testing is occasionally pertained to as transparent, open glass, clear box, and law-grounded testing.

Black Box Testing

A sort of functional and behavioral testing in which testers aren't handed any system knowledge. Black box testing, in which a real-world attack is conducted to determine the system’s vulnerabilities, is frequently done by associations using ethical hackers.

Grey Box Testing

White box and black box testing styles are combined to produce slate box testing. It gives testers a limited understanding of the system, including low-position credentials, logical inflow plates, and network charts. Chancing implicit law and functionality problems is the major thing of slate box testing.

Four Penetration Testing Phases

Penetration testing services providers generally follow a four-step process.


This is the original phase of the penetration test, where the tester performs OSINT about the target system, similar to IP addresses, open anchorages, and software performances.

Vulnerability Scanning

The tester searches the target system for known vulnerabilities at this step using automated & homemade ways. Testers may use a variety of surveying technologies to further probe the system and its excrescences grounded on the findings of the primary phase.


If vulnerabilities are set up during the scanning phase, the tester will try to exploit them to gain access to the system.


After the penetration test is complete, the tester will validate their findings and give recommendations for mollifying vulnerabilities.

Need for Penetration Testing

A penetration test, which simulates a cyberattack, sheds light on a system’s weakest points. Also, it acts as a mitigation strategy, allowing associations to repair the discovered gaps before trouble actors do.

Risk Assessment

Most businesses are at threat as a result of the sharp rise in distributed DoS, phishing, and ransomware & malware assaults. The ramifications of a successful cyber-attack have noway been worse given how dependent associations are on technology. An association couldn't be suitable to pierce the waiters, networks, and bias it needs to operate if it's subject to a ransomware assault, for illustration. Pen testing simulates the conduct of a hacker to find and address cybersecurity pitfalls before they're used against you.

Security Awareness

The ways used by cybercriminals change along with technology. Businesses need to modernize their security measures at the same rate as attacks if they want to successfully defend themselves and their means against them. Organizations may fleetly and efficiently identify the factors of their systems that are particularly vulnerable to contemporary hacking tactics, modernize those factors, and replace them by hiring trained ethical hackers.


Pen testing is an element of compliance conditioning in diligence, including banking, healthcare, and service providers. Pen tests must cleave to common conditions, including Service Organization Control 2( SOC 2), HIPAA, and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard( PCI DSS). Thus, associations may keep on top of their compliance conditions by bearing routine pen testing.


The character of a business may be at threat from a data breach, particularly if it becomes public. Investors might be reticent to invest in a company that doesn’t take its cyber defense seriously, and guests may cease trusting the company and buying its products. A company’s character is shielded by penetration testing, which provides visionary mitigation ways.

Penetration testing is an essential aspect of maintaining the security of any system, as it helps associations identify vulnerabilities before they can be exploited by bushwhackers. It's also a critical step in compliance with colorful regulations similar to PCI- DSS, HIPAA, and numerous others.


It's important to note that Penetration testing should be performed by trained professionals who have the necessary knowledge and experience to perform the tests safely and effectively. Also, it should be done only with the unequivocal concurrence of the system proprietor. Organizations should look out for penetration testing service providers to conduct regular penetration testing to ensure that their systems are secure and stay biddable with assiduity regulations.